Skilling is of key importance in stimulating a sustainable development process and can make a contribution in facilitating the transition from an informal to formal economy. Skilling is to create a workforce empowered with the necessary and continuously upgraded skills, knowledge and internationally recognized qualifications to gain access to decent employment and ensure India’s competitiveness in the dynamic global market. It aims at increasing the productivity and employ-ability of workforce (wage and self-employed) both in the organized and the unorganized sectors.
The Ministry is responsible for co-ordination of all skill development efforts across the country, removal of disconnect between demand and supply of skilled manpower, building the vocational and technical training framework, skill up-gradation, building of new skills, and innovative thinking not only for existing jobs but also jobs that are to be created.
The Ministry aims to Skill on a large Scale with Speed and high Standards in order to achieve its vision of a 'Skill India Portal'.
It is aided in these initiatives by its functional arms – National Skill Development Agency (NSDA), National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), National Skill Development Fund (NSDF) and 33 Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) as well as 187 training partners registered with NSDC. The Ministry also intends to work with the existing network of skill development centres, universities and other alliances in the field. Further, collaborations with relevant Central Ministries, State governments, international organizations, industry and NGOs have been initiated for multi-level engagement and more impactful implementation of skill development efforts.
NSDC is a first-of-its-kind Public Private Partnership (PPP) in India set up to facilitate the development and upgrading of the skills of the growing Indian workforce through skill training programs. A large part of the organization’s efforts are directed at the private sector and towards developing the skills in the unorganized sector in India. NSDC supports skill development efforts, especially in the unorganized sector in India by funding skill training and development programmes. It also engages in advocacy and training programmes, in-depth research to discover skill gaps in the Indian workforce, and developing accreditation norms.
NSDC provides funding to build scalable, for-profit vocational training initiatives. Its mandate is also to enable support systems such as quality assurance, information systems and train the trainer academies either directly or through partnership. NSDC acts as a catalyst in skill development by providing funding to enterprises, companies and organizations that provide skill training. It will also develop appropriate models to enhance, support and coordinate private sector initiatives. The differentiated focus for the 21 sectors under NSDC’s purview and its understanding of their viability will make every sector attractive to private investment.
Government of India, Ministry of Labour & Employment launched a Modular Employable Skills (MES) under Skill Development Initiative (SDI) Scheme through Directorate General of Employment & Training in May 2007. Modular Employ able Skills (MES) scheme, under the aegis of the Ministry of Labour and Employment, aims to provide vocational training using demand driven short term training courses created in consultation with the industry. MES courses can have duration of as low as go hours. Training fees of candidates successfully complete the training are refunded by the government. Central Government will facilitate and promote training while industry, private sector and state government will train the persons. It has flexible delivery mechanism (part time, weekends, full time, onsite/offsite) to suit needs of various target groups. MES provides Vocational Training to School Leavers, Existing Workers, ITI graduates etc., to improve their employability by optimally utilizing the infrastructure available in Govt., private institutions and the Industry. Existing skills of the persons can also be tested and certified under this scheme. MES builds capacity in the area of development of competency standards, course curricula, learning material and assessment standards in the country
To fulfill its objectives of enhancing, supporting and coordinating private sector initiatives for skill development, NSDC is looking for proposals to create Sector Skill Councils that can focus on skill development for a particular industry sector, and which can be the organization to bring together all stake holders to manage current and future skill needs of that industry sector. Apart from the 31 Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) approved by NSDC Board till date, we are seeking to add 4 more SSCs in the current financial year. Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) are national partnership organizations that bring together all the stake holders – industry, labor and the academia for the purpose of workforce development for particular industry sectors. The National Skill Policy 2009 outlines the roles of SSCs. The SSCs will play a significant role in setting up and determining skills, competency standards and qualifications for various jobs, which can be used by companies to assess employee performance and skill development needs. These can also be used to prepare training programmes and job profiles. The SSCs will forecast changes in the labor market and will enable the standardization of affiliation and accreditation processes. The SSCs also carry out affiliation of training partners that wish to partner NSDC but do have the scale to be a direct partner of NSDC. The SSCs will work with assessors and assessment agencies would also certify the candidates and maintain a national skill register for their sector.
Vocational Training Provider The training under SDI scheme will be provided by various VTPs under Central Government, State Governments, Public and Private Sector and Industrial establishments. VTPs will provide counseling & vocational guidance, training facilities as per norms, impart good quality training, post training support to trainees in getting employment, maintain data base on trainees trained and the outcome of the training. They will track the trainees for three years or till they get gainfully employed. VTP will also be required to have close networking with the industry for immediate placement of the trainees. They will also maintain accounts, ensure proper utilization of funds and submit reports and utilization certificates as per prescribed schedule. They will follow various instructions issued by the committees or any other authority from time to time. They should utilize funds received from NSDC for meeting various expenses for imparting training and providing post training support services. They should also have powers to reimburse training fee to successful trainees out of funds received from NSDC. The NSDC will consider supporting a pilot and then scale up for proposals from organizations with no prior experience in this area. On the financial, the NSDC will be more flexible upfront in terms of percentage of total project funded by it, channels of funding, i.e. grant or loan/equity and cost per student, and ensure agreements are structured to ensure these parameters become stringent over time. Further, the NSDC will fund various stages of the project clearly linked to attainment of mutually agreed outcomes/milestones.
The Ministry of Rural Development has initiated this program in the year 2004-05 and over the years, the programme has scaled up significantly. Under this Scheme, rural BPL youth are provided training, after which they are placed in the organized sector. The training is of short duration, normally up to 3 months. The implementation of this Programme is entrusted to qualified Project Implementing Agencies (PIAs), having capabilities in both training and placement and selected by the MoRD through a transparent and objective appraisal process. The P.I.As mostly belong to the private sector. The following entities are permitted to pose proposals for implementing projects under Aajeevika Special Projects:
a) Private Companies, both for Profit and Not for Profit
b) Non-Government Agencies
c) Federations of SHGs, provided that the Federation is registered either under the Cooperatives Act, The Society Registration Act, the Trust Act etc.
d) Panchayati Raj Institutions
e) Government/Semi Government Organizations/Autonomous Government Organizations at the State and National Level
As part of its activities, the NSDA is engaged in the creation of a directory of all available audio-visual content and publications pertaining to various vocational, technical and other skills, hereinafter referred to as Online Educational Resources (or “OER”), with the intention of making freely available training and educational resources available to all users from one platform.
These OER have been created by the concerned parties, and the intellectual property in the same vests in the creators of the respective OER. The NSDA does not have any creative right or control over the material, and users need to bear this mind while referring to the same.
With the assistance of Sector Skill Councils, NSDA has made an effort to classify the OER into sectors and according to the various levels of the National Skills Qualification Framework.
National Occupational Standards (NOS) or Occupational Standards (OS) defines one key function in a job role. NOS specify the standard of performance an individual must achieve when carrying out a function in the workplace. These Occupational Standards are combined to a set, which is called Qualification Pack (QP).
Qualification Pack certifies a person for a specific job role. Each Qualification Pack also contains NVEQF Level, which will theoretically make it possible to drive competency based training for every Entry Level job role in the IT-BPM industry. These packs are marked with a NVEQF level, such as level 7. The Qualification Packs help in both the creation of curriculum and assessments.
Sector Skill Council
|Aerospace and Aviation Sector Skill council||Bangalore Chamber of Industry and Commerce|
|Agriculture Sector Skill Council of India||National Skills Foundation of India (NSFI)and Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI)|
|Apparel Made-ups and Home Furnishings Sector Skill Council||Apparel Export Promotion Council|
|Automotive Skills Development Council||SIAM, ACMA, FADA|
|Beauty and Wellness Sector Skill Council||Confederation of Indian Industry (CII)|
|BFSI Sector Skill Council of India||BSE Training Institute Limited (BTIL),a subsidiary of Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)|
|Capital Goods Skills Council||FICCI|
|Construction Sector Skill Council||Construction Federation of India,Builders Association of India; Confederation of Real Estate Developers’ Association of India; National Highway Builders Federation|
|Electronics Sector Skill Council||India Semiconductor Association (ISA)|
|Food Processing Sector Skill Council of India||FICCI (Lead Promoter). Other promoters include Confederation of Indian Food Trade and Industry,Association of Food Scientists and Technologists India, Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority|
|Gems & Jewelery Sector Skill Council||GJEPC|
|Healthcare Sector Skill Council||Confederation of Indian Industry (CII)|
|Indian Plumbing Skills Council||INCOSAMA|
|Iron & Steel Sector Skill Council||BCCI,INSDAG|
|IT-ITeS Sector Skill Council||NASSCOM|
|Leather Sector Skill Council||Council of Leather Exports (CLE)|
|Life Sciences Sector Skill Council||CII|
|Logistics Sector Skills Council||Confederation of Indian Industry -institute of Logistics (Established in 2004 by the Confederation of Indian Industry as a Centre of Excellence in Logistics & Supply chain)|
|Media & Entertainment Skills Council||FICCI|
|Mining Sector Skill Council||FIMI|
|Power Sector Skill Council||CEA, MNRE,IEEMA|
|Retailer’s Associations Skill Council of India||RAI|
|Security Knowledge and Skill Development Council||CAPSI|
|Telecom Sector Skill Council of India||Cellular Operators Association of India|
|Textile Sector Skill Council||CII|
|Tourism & Hospitality SSC||CII|